I. Pascucci et al.Paola Orioli
- Riferimento: Large Animal Review 2017; 23: 83-86
- Abstract: Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a disease of cattle mainly transmitted by blood feeding vectors, caused by a Capripoxvirus, LSD virus (LSDV). Although it is not a zoonosis, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) categorizes LSD as a notifiable disease due to its economic impact on cattle industry. LSD is endemic in Namibia, outbreaks typically occur in cycles with quiescent periods lasting several years, depending on the rainfalls that modulate the abundance of vectors. Farmers and veterinarians are familiar with LSD and usually make diagnosis by observing clinical symptoms and typical lumpy lesions. In commercial farms vaccination with live LSDV attenuated vaccines (Neethling type) is not routinely used but is generally implemented as soon as the disease is suspected. As in Namibia it is endemic in most African countries, but since 2012, LSD has been spreading on unusually large scale throughout Middle Eastern countries reaching South Eastern European countries in 2015 and spreading further in 2016. Presently, due to its economic impact, LSD is considered one of the emerging threat to European cattle industry. The present paper describes two different outbreaks of LSD in Namibia providing original iconography. The activities are in compliance with the mandate of the Italian reference centre for foreign animal diseases (CeSME) at the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale” (IZSAM), in the framework of the preparedness policy in case of incursions of exotic disease of animals. The capacity to make a prompt diagnosis is, in fact, recognized as essential for all the diseases at risk of introduction in naïve country as Italy and in this context LSD represent only the most recent example which threatens Europe. Furthermore, implementing of awareness-raising campaigns and training for farmers and veterinary staff in recognising the disease under field conditions has been strongly suggested by the experts of European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
- Note: //
- Specie: animali da reddito
- Anno: 2017
- Rivista: Large Animals Review
- Allegato: DOWNLOAD FILE