Dall'11 aprile 2003 sono stati pubblicati 6423 articoli

AGGIORNAMENTO SCIENTIFICO PERMANENTE IN MEDICINA VETERINARIA

  Note tecniche

Questo archivio bibliografico contiene tutti i lavori scientifici pubblicati dal 1987 dalle riviste edite da SCIVAC prima e da EV srl poi, e lavori reperiti nella letteratura internazionale a partire dal 2001 in avanti. Per tutti i lavori è disponibile l'abstract, mentre per quelli italiani è disponibile anche il PDF originale (dal 1995).
La parola digitata nel campo [parola chiave] viene cercata in
[autori]
[titolo]
[abstract]
[parole chiavi]
Agendo sugli altri operatori (data, specie animale, rivista) si può rendere la ricerca più rapida e mirata.

  Riviste Italiane Indicizzate

Cinologia
Collana di Radiologia Clinica Ippologia
Large Animals Review
Medicina Felina
Notiziario Farmaceutico
Professione Veterinaria
Quaderni di Dermatologia
SISCA Observer
Veterinaria.


Totale Riviste pubblicate : 4724. Questa pagina mostra gli ultimi lavori inseriti.

Sabato, 06 Aprile 2019

G. Costa et al

Vota questo articolo
(0 Voti)

Effects of tramadol slow injections vs fast bolus in the therapeutic balanceof the foot in bovine

  • Riferimento: Large Animal Review 2018; 24: 219-221
  • Abstract: Introduction - A study performed in Brazil on detection and subsequent treatment of pain, by the veterinarian, in cattle and horses showed that tramadol was used by 39% of Brazilian practitioners. Aim - The objective of the present study is to evaluate the analgesic and sedative effects of slow intravenous injection of tramadol in bovine. Materials and methods - Twenty bovines (aged 3±1 years and weighing 600±20 kg) divided into two groups received, during the therapeutic balance of the foot, tramadol 1 mg/kg−1 by bolus IV (group B) or by slow intravenous injection administered over 10 minutes (group I). Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), Systolic Pressure (SP), sedation and analgesia were assessed before and up to 15 minutes following drug administration. The sedation was evaluated considering ataxia, assessed through a four-point grading scale and measuring height of the head above the ground. Analgesia was evaluated using Numeric Rating Score scale (NRS 0-10) and a cumulative pain scale (CPS), assigning scores (1-4) to the percentage variations, compared to baseline values of HR, RR and SP. Recorded physiological data were compared using Wilcoxon Test to evaluate changes along the time line, while differences between groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Ataxia and analgesia scores were compared using the Fischer’s exact test with p < 0.05 considered significant. Results and discussion - Heart rate, RR and SP increased, during the therapeutic balance, respect to baseline, in both groups. However, increase in HR, RR and SP in the group B is greater than in the group I. Ataxia scores were low in both groups as follow: group B 0(1-1) and group I 0(1-2). The height of the head above the ground was reduced in the group I (p = 0.000). Analgesia scores were significantly lower in the group I, for both NRS and CPS (p = 0.000). Conclusion - The outcomes of the present study showed that the slow intravenous tramadol administration over 10 minutes provided better analgesia and sedation compared to fast bolus administration in cattle.
  • Note: //
  • Specie: animali da reddito
  • Anno: 2018
  • Rivista: Large Animals Review
Letto 47 volte Ultima modifica il Sabato, 06 Aprile 2019

Questo sito web utilizza cookie propri e di terze parti. Se chiudi il banner ne accetti l'utilizzo.